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Examination of Matthew Arnold's Concept of Culture: Focus on Changes in his View of Science

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  • マシュー・アーノルドの教養概念に関する検討 --科学観の変遷に着目して--
  • マシュー ・ アーノルド ノ キョウヨウ ガイネン ニ カンスル ケントウ : カガクカン ノ ヘンセン ニ チャクモク シテ

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This study was performed to examine Matthew Arnold's concept of culture, focusing on changes in his view of science. In previous research, his consistency about science and the value of science for him have been overlooked because of a focus on whether a change has occurred. Therefore, this essay first organizes his view of science from a diachronic and synchronic point of view, and then investigates his true motives in the concept of culture. The results show that changes in his view of science were related to the process of segregation of the role played by science and literature in terms of intellectual and moral values, while he consistently adhered to "seeing things as they really are." Furthermore, the essential point of his concept of culture was found to be "continuing to seek one's best internal self as it really is." Based on these discussions, this essay notes that Arnold aimed to realize a revitalization of human beings as a purpose through his concept of culture.


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