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Nanoparticle synthesis using high-powered pulse-modulated induction thermal plasma


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Nanoparticle synthesis was performed using the high-powered pulse-modulated induction thermal plasma (PMITP) technique to study the effect of coil current modulation on synthesized nanoparticles. This is the first paper to present a summary of results of TiO2 nanoparticle synthesis using high-power Ar-O2 PMITP at 20 kW. The synthesized particles were analysed using field emission scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry. In addition, optical emission spectroscopy was used during nanoparticle synthesis experiments to measure TiO spectra and to determine the time-averaged vibrational and rotational temperatures of TiO in the reaction chamber. The results showed that the PMITP produced smaller nanoparticles and a narrower size distribution of particles. Moreover, PMITP provided a lower temperature region in the reaction chamber downstream of the plasma torch than such regions in non-modulated thermal plasmas. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.


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