Clinical guidelines for treating caries in adults following a minimal intervention policy?Evidence and consensus based report

Abstract

Objectives: In 2002, FDI (World Dental Federation) published a policy advocating that caries be treated by minimal intervention (MI). This MI policy has been accepted worldwide and is taught in universities. But acceptance in general dental practice has been slower, especially in Japan where healthcare payment and practice favour drilling and filling. To help disseminate this MI policy into general practice, the Japanese Society of Conservative Dentistry developed an evidence-based clinical guideline for restoring carious permanent teeth in adult patients. Methods: The guideline was developed by a committee of nine university clinicians and a librarian. The committee selected the most frequent clinical questions in treating caries and used electronic databases to search and assess the best scientific evidence for each. Members then added their clinical experience and discussed to reach consensus on each question on treating caries with MI policy. Graded recommendations and guidance were made for each clinical question. The provisional guideline was strengthened after review and discussion with university researchers and general practitioners. Results: The guideline addresses the 16 most frequent clinical questions in treating adult caries, including restorative methods and how to tackle root caries. Recommendations for treatment using MI policy were developed using the best scientific evidence and consensus of experienced clinicians. Clinical significance: The guideline offers a practical expert view of treating caries with the MI policy that incorporates the best scientific evidence, the latest techniques, the most preferable materials and the general consensus of expert clinicians.

Journal of Dentistry, 40(2), pp.95-105; 2012

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