PTEN differentially regulates endocytosis, migration, and proliferation in the enteric protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica

DOI Web Site 78 References Open Access

Abstract

<jats:p>PTEN is a lipid phosphatase that is highly conserved and involved in a broad range of biological processes including cytoskeletal reorganization, endocytosis, signal transduction, and cell migration in all eukaryotes. Although regulation of phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate [PtdIns(3,4,5)P<jats:sub>3</jats:sub>] signaling via PTEN has been well established in model organisms and mammals, it remains elusive in the parasitic protist <jats:italic>E</jats:italic>. <jats:italic>histolytica</jats:italic>, which heavily relies on PtdIns phosphate(s)-dependent membrane traffic, migration, and phago- and trogocytosis for its pathogenesis. In this study, we characterized the major PTEN from <jats:italic>E</jats:italic>. <jats:italic>histolytica</jats:italic>, EhPTEN1, which shows the highest expression at the transcript level in the trophozoite stage among 6 possible PTENs, to understand the significance of PtdIns(3,4,5)P<jats:sub>3</jats:sub> signaling in this parasite. Live imaging of GFP-EhPTEN1 expressing amebic trophozoites showed localization mainly in the cytosol with a higher concentration at pseudopods and the extending edge of the phago- and trogocytic cups. Furthermore, quantitative analysis of phago- and trogocytosis using a confocal image cytometer showed that overexpression of EhPTEN1 caused reduction in trogo- and phagocytosis while transcriptional gene silencing of <jats:italic>EhPTEN1</jats:italic> gene caused opposite phenotypes. These data suggest that EhPTEN1 has an inhibitory role in these biological processes. Conversely, EhPTEN1 acts as a positive regulator for fluid-phase and receptor-mediated endocytosis in <jats:italic>E</jats:italic>. <jats:italic>histolytica</jats:italic> trophozoites. Moreover, we showed that EhPTEN1 was required for optimal growth and migration of this parasite. Finally, the phosphatase activity of EhPTEN1 towards PtdIns(3,4,5)P<jats:sub>3</jats:sub> was demonstrated, suggesting that the biological roles of EhPTEN1 are likely linked to its catalytic function. Taken together, these results indicate that EhPTEN1 differentially regulates multiple cellular activities essential for proliferation and pathogenesis of the organism, via PtdIns(3,4,5)P<jats:sub>3</jats:sub> signaling. Elucidation of biological roles of PTEN and PtdIns(3,4,5)P<jats:sub>3</jats:sub> signaling at the molecular levels promotes our understanding of the pathogenesis of this parasite.</jats:p>

Journal

  • PLOS Pathogens

    PLOS Pathogens 18 (5), e1010147-, 2022-05-02

    Public Library of Science (PLoS)

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