Development of Asymmetric Reactions Catalyzed by Ruthenium Complexes with Two Kinds of Ligands

  • Takeshi Ohkuma
    Division of Applied Chemistry & Frontier Chemistry Center, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628 , Japan
  • Nobuhito Kurono
    Department of Chemistry, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 431-3192 , Japan
  • Noriyoshi Arai
    Division of Applied Chemistry & Frontier Chemistry Center, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628 , Japan

Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>Two types of chiral Ru(II) complexes, each with two kinds of ligands, have been designed and utilized as catalysts for several asymmetric reactions under appropriate conditions. The first type, the diphosphine/diamine–Ru(II)-type complexes, were found to catalyze the hydrogenation of a variety of simple and functionalized ketones as well as imino compounds with high activity and enantioselectivity. The double asymmetric hydrogenation of α,β-unsaturated ketones into the chiral saturated alcohols was achieved by using the dual catalyst system, which reversibly forms two catalytic species. The asymmetric isomerization of primary allylic alcohols into the optically active aldehydes with almost perfect enantioselectivity was realized with this type of catalyst. The second type, the amino acid/diphosphine–Ru(II)-type complexes combined with Li compounds, exhibited excellent catalyst performance in the asymmetric cyanosilylation of aldehydes as well as simple and functionalized ketones. The isolated Ru·Li bimetallic complexes were suitable for the asymmetric hydrocyanation of aldehydes. This combined system was applicable to the asymmetric conjugate hydrocyanation of α,β-unsaturated ketones and carboxylic acid derivatives, and the Strecker-type reaction of the π-isoelectronic N-alkoxycarbonyl aldimines. This account describes the concept underlying the design of these catalysts, and the catalyst performance in the asymmetric reactions.</jats:p>

Journal

Citations (4)*help

See more

References(138)*help

See more

Related Projects

See more

Details 詳細情報について

Report a problem

Back to top