Relationship between adhesion molecules with hs-CRP and changes therein after ARB (Valsartan) administration in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

  • Kageyama Norihito
    Department of Digestive and Cardiovascular Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School
  • Nomura Masahiro
    Faculty of Integrated Art and Sciences, Department of Human and Social Sciences, The University of Tokushima
  • Nakaya Yutaka
    Department of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School
  • Watanabe Tomonori
    Department of Digestive and Cardiovascular Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School
  • Ito Susumu
    Department of Digestive and Cardiovascular Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School

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It has been reported that a relationship exists between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. To address this issue, we evaluated whether OSAS is associated with adhesion molecules and inflammatory signs, important indicators of atherosclerosis. Levels of high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were measured in 30 patients with ischemic heart disease, confirmed by coronary arteriography (IHD group). Twenty healthy volunteers without sleep apnea were used as controls (Group N). Sleeping respiratory information was collected using a portable sleep polygraph, together on information about oronasal flow, tracheal sound, chest respiration, and percutaneous oxygen saturation (SpO2) to obtain the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). In the IHD group, 9 (30%) of the 30 patients showed evidence of OSAS [IHD(AHI≥40) group] and 21 did not [IHD(AHI<40) group]. The levels of hs-CRP and ICAM-1 were significantly higher in the IHD group than in the N group (p<0.01). Moreover, the levels of hs-CRP and ICAM-1 were significantly higher in the IHD(AHI≥40) group than in the IHD(AHI<40) group (p<0.01). However, after the administration of valsartan, angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARB) to both IHD groups, the levels of hs-CRP and ICAM-1 decreased significantly in both groups. Moreover, a multivariate analysis revealed that the levels of hs-CRP and ICAM-1 were associated with the severity of sleep apnea. These findings suggest that, in OSAS the levels of hs-CRP and ICAM-1 are decreased and that the administration of ARB decreases the risk of atherosclerosis. J. Med. Invest. 53: 134-139, February, 2006

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