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Characterization of Activation of MAP Kinase Superfamily in Vasculature from Diabetic Rats

  • Igarashi Masahiko
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yamagata University School of Medicine.
  • Hirata Akihiko
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yamagata University School of Medicine.
  • Yamaguchi Hiroshi
    Third Department of Internal Medicine, Yamagata University School of Medicine.
  • Sugae Naoko
    Third Department of Internal Medicine, Yamagata University School of Medicine.
  • Kadomoto-Antsuki Yuko
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yamagata University School of Medicine.
  • Nozaki Hisae
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yamagata University School of Medicine.
  • Jimbu Yumi
    Third Department of Internal Medicine, Yamagata University School of Medicine.
  • Tominaga Makoto
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yamagata University School of Medicine.

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Abstract

Aim: This study was investigated to characterize the activation mechanism of a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase superfamily in diabetes in aortae and cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from rats.<BR>Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for this procedure, and diabetes was induced by streptozotocin injection at 50 mg/kg. After 6 weeks, the thoracic aortae from normal and diabetic rats were removed for detection of the MAP kinase superfamily by immunoblot analysis.<BR>Results: In aortae, the protein levels of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK)-1, c-jun NH2-terminal protein kinase (JNK)-1 and -2, and p38 increased significantly more in diabetic rats than in normal rats. In contrast, phosphorylated protein levels of ERK-1 and -2, JNK-1, and p38 were significantly more elevated in diabetic rats than in normal rats. In VSMCs from normal rats, a high concentration of glucose cultured for three days significantly increased the phosphorylated protein levels of ERKs and p38, but not JNKs, without any change of these protein levels. Serum interleukin (IL)-1β was significantly higher in diabetic rats than in normal rats. Several types of proinflammatory cytokine dose-dependently phosphorylated the levels of ERKs, JNK-1, and p38, but not JNK-2, in VSMCs from normal rats. In cells from diabetic rats, phosphorylated protein levels of ERKs and p38 were significantly elevated by IL-1β. In addition, interferon-γ phosphorylated the levels of ERKs in diabetic cells more than in normal cells.<BR>Conclusion: Our results suggest that, under diabetic conditions, the MAP kinase superfamily was activated by different pathways in the vasculature; i.e., ERKs and p38 might be mainly phosphorylated by a complex of high concentrations of glucose and of several types of proinflammatory cytokines, but the phosphorylation of JNK-1 might depend on the concentration of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, and/or additional unknown factors, except glucose.

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