<b>Functions and biosynthesis of membrane vesicles produced actively by Gram-positive bacteria </b>

  • Obana Nozomu
    Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • Nomura Nobuhiko
    Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba

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  • <b>グラム陽性細菌が能動的につくるメンブランベシクルの機能と生合成 </b>

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Abstract

<p>The membrane vesicle (MV) is a 20 to 500 nm spherical structure produced by various pathogenic and environmental bacteria. Because the MV contains multiple bacterial components, such as proteins, nucleic acids, membrane and cell wall, it acts as a vehicle for the components and is associated with bacterial and bacteria-host interaction. Since Gram-positive bacteria possess the thick rigid cell wall, MVs in these bacteria has been less noticed. Recently, many Gram-positive bacteria have been reported to produce MVs, suggesting that vesiculogenesis is a conserved integral function of bacterial cells. In this review, we mainly describe the recent research progress of MV function and biosynthesis in Gram-positive bacteria.</p>

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