Cranial characteristics of Bunun tribe from Mayuan village, Wanrung township, Hualien county, Taiwan

  • Takenaka Masami
    Kagoshima Women’s College Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University
  • Tsai Pei-Ying
    Museum of Medical Humanities, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University
  • Tsai Hsi-Kuei
    Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University
  • Lu Kuo-Shyan
    Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University

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Other Title
  • 台湾花蓮県萬栄郷馬遠村出土ブヌン族頭蓋の形態的特徴
  • タイワン カ レン ケン マン エイキョウ バエンムラ シュツド ブヌンゾク ズガイ ノ ケイタイテキ トクチョウ

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Abstract

Detailed data of cranial and facial flatness measurements of modern Bunun aboriginal tribe of Taiwan were presented in this study. Bunun crania are characterized by their mesocranic and low cranial vaults as well as their slightly high facial skeletons with the less flat frontal regions in comparison with several modern samples from Taiwan, northeastern and southeastern Asia, and Pacific area. As for Penrose shape distances on nine cranial measurements (maximum cranial length, maximum cranial breadth, basion-bregma height, bizygomatic breadth, upper facial height, orbital breadth, orbital height, nasal breadth and nasal height), Bunun shows a close affinity to Paiwan tribe of Taiwan. However, Yami indicate the quite difference from Bunun in Taiwan aboriginals.

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