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Examining the effects of social support of Chinese students in Japan by an expanded matching hypothesis

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  • ソーシャル・サポートの効果に関する拡張マッチング仮説による検討 : 在日中国系留学生を対象として
  • ソーシャル サポート ノ コウカ ニ カンスル カクチョウ マッチング カセツ

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Abstract

The present study proposed an expanded matching hypothesis, based on the specificity hypothesis of Cohen & Mckay (1984) but assumed that support operated more than simply a stress buffer. Data obtained from 175 Chinese students were analysed. Items of perceived, actual, and needed support (coping requirements) from the Social Support Scale for Chinese students in Japan (Jou, 1993) and items of stressors, physical-mental health, and happiness were employed. The results suggested that (1) support showed not only direct or buffering effect but also other interactive effects. (2) The specificity of support did not usually show buffering effects. (3) Perceived support showed direct, buffering, and other interactive effects (limited and amplified effect), while actual support showed mainly directed effects. (4) The effect of stressor, support, or interaction between two differed according to physical-mental health and happiness.

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