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The effect of threat to self on prejudice toward women : An examination from the perspective of ambivalent sexism theory

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Other Title
  • 自己への脅威が女性に対する偏見に及ぼす効果 : 両面価値的性差別理論からの検討
  • ジコ エノ キョウイ ガ ジョセイ ニ タイスル ヘンケン ニ オヨボス コウカ リョウメン カチテキ セイ サベツ リロン カラノ ケントウ

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Abstract

Ambivalent sexism theory suggests that there are two forms of sexism : hostile sexism toward non-traditional women and benevolent sexism toward traditional women. Based on the finding that the threat to self motivates self-affirmation, which leads to stereotyping and prejudice, this study investigated how that threat had an impact on the two above-mentioned forms of prejudice toward women. In study 1, it was predicted that, under the threat, hostile sexists among the male participants were less likely than the nonsexist male participants to evaluate a career-woman favorably on a warmth dimension. This hypothesis was supported. In study 2, it was predicted that, under the threat, the benevolent sexists among the male and female participants were more likely than the nonsexist participants to evaluate a homemaker-oriented woman favorably. On the contrary, when the less benevolent sexist male and female participants felt threatened, they were less likely than the sexist participants to evaluate the women favorably on a warmth dimension. The possibility that the way of expressing gender-prejudiced attitudes became diversified was discussed.

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Details

  • CRID
    1390001204491623296
  • NII Article ID
    110006440327
  • NII Book ID
    AN10049127
  • DOI
    10.14966/jssp.kj00004740701
  • ISSN
    21891338
    09161503
  • NDL BIB ID
    8980601
  • Text Lang
    ja
  • Data Source
    • JaLC
    • NDL
    • CiNii Articles
  • Abstract License Flag
    Disallowed

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