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The development of the empathic coping scale and an assessment of the relationship of empathic coping to psychological well-being

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  • 共感的コーピング尺度の作成と精神的健康との関連性について
  • キョウカンテキ コーピング シャクド ノ サクセイ ト セイシンテキ ケンコウ ト ノ カンレンセイ ニ ツイテ

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Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to develop the 10-item Empathic Coping Scale (ECS) and to investigate the relationship of empathic coping to self-reports of psychological well-being. Study 1 demonstrated acceptable internal consistency and split-half reliability of the ECS. Factor analysis of the ECS produced two factors for this relationship : cognitive/affective strategies and behavioral strategies. In Study 2, the ECS cross-validated with the measures of empathy, prosocial behavior, and coping with interpersonal stress. Study 3 demonstrated that empathic coping was associated negatively with psychological stress response. These findings have implications for future research examining empathic coping as a factor in stress-moderation.

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