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Direct and indirect self-enhancement after evaluative feedback


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  • 成功・失敗後の直接・間接的自己高揚傾向
  • セイコウ シッパイ ゴ ノ チョクセツ カンセツテキ ジコ コウヨウ ケイコウ

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Self-enhancement tendencies among the Japanese were examined with regard to both direct and indirect self-evaluation. Self-esteem and the level of motivation toward recovering one's lowered self-esteem (manipulated through success-failure feedback after a creative ability task) were examined in an experiment with 99 participants. The results revealed that direct self-enhancement (rating the self positively on trait dimensions) was positively related to self-esteem, although indirect self-enhancement was related both to the kind of feedback received and self-esteem level. More specifically, participants evaluated their future, and their in-group members positively when they received negative feedback, and derived more motivation toward recovering self-esteem. The study contributes to the understanding of the role played by direct and indirect self-enhancement in the psychology of the Japanese.


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