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A Re-examination of the Bunko Movement of the 1960s and 1970s

  • YOSHIDA Yuko
    Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies University of Tsukuba

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Other Title
  • 1960年代から1970年代の子ども文庫運動の再検討
  • 1960ネンダイ カラ 1970ネンダイ ノ コドモ ブンコ ウンドウ ノ サイケントウ

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Abstract

The paper tried to analyze bunko movement of the 1960s and 1970s. Bunko was started by mothers who hoped to improve their children's reading environment. It developed a movement for establishment of public library in the community soon. After that, bunko continued their activities as a unique cultural movement in Japan. More than 3,000 bunko have been established as children's book service points in Japan. This paper surveys the history of bunko during three periods. It is also considered relationship between bunko and public libraries. Although a large number of studies have been done on this subject, their primary focus is on the range of library service. This research will examine how the community reading environment is reflected in the bunko research. The results of this study identified some important points for the future direction of bunko research, by extracting relevant material from previous studies. These points were: (1) Continuity/non-continuity with the existing reading movement; (2) Influence of Kodomo-no-toshokan (The Children's Library) written by Momoko Ishii on bunko; (3) Aspect of mothers who run bunko.

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