Phylogenetic relationship of the southern Japan lineages of the sika deer (<i>Cervus nippon</i>) in Shikoku and Kyushu Islands, Japan

  • Yamada Masahiro
    The Course of Bioproduction Science, The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Tottori University
  • Hosoi Eiji
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University
  • Nagata Junco
    Department of Wildlife Biology, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute
  • B. Tamate Hidetoshi
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Yamagata University
  • Tado Hiroyuki
    Management Technique Research Lab, Yamaguchi Prefecture Agriculture and Forestry General Engineering Center

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  • Phylogenetic relationship of the southern Japan lineages of the sika deer (Cervus nippon) in Shikoku and Kyushu Islands, Japan

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Abstract

Samples of the sika deer (Cervus nippon) were collected from Kyushu and Shikoku Islands of Japan and surrounding areas, and their nucleotide sequences were analyzed. Sequences of the whole control region of the mitochondrial DNA were determined and phylogenetic trees were constructed using the neighbor-joining method and the maximum likelihood method. We also investigated gene genealogies for the sequences using the statistical parsimony network approach. Phylogenetic trees showed that only the Yakushima/Tanegashima populations were genetically distant from other populations. The statistical parsimony network, however, indicated a close relationship of the Miyazaki populations to some of the Shikoku populations. It was suggested that Shikoku Island played an important role in the divergence from the southern Japan lineage of C. nippon.<br>

Journal

  • Mammal Study

    Mammal Study 32 (3), 121-127, 2007

    THE MAMMAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN

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