Clinical Evaluation of Long-term Prognosis and the Concurrent Diseases in 22 Dogs Suspected Suture-reactive Granuloma Following Ovariohysterectomy

  • CHIJIWA Kosaku
    Surgical, Veterinary Medical Center, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, the University of Tokyo Wakahisa Animal Hospital
  • NISHIMURA Ryohei
    Surgical, Veterinary Medical Center, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, the University of Tokyo
  • NAKASHIMA Ko
    Internal Sections, Veterinary Medical Center, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, the University of Tokyo
  • OHNO Koichi
    Internal Sections, Veterinary Medical Center, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, the University of Tokyo
  • SASAKI Nobuo
    Surgical, Veterinary Medical Center, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, the University of Tokyo

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Other Title
  • 卵巣子宮摘出後に縫合糸反応性肉芽腫が疑われた犬22症例における長期予後と併発疾患の臨床的解析
  • ランソウ シキュウ テキシュツ ゴ ニ ホウゴウシ ハンノウセイ ニクガシュ ガ ウタガワレタ イヌ 22 ショウレイ ニ オケル チョウキ ヨゴ ト ヘイハツ シッカン ノ リンショウテキ カイセキ

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Abstract

Clinical data for 22 dogs suspected suture-reactive granuloma following ovariohysterectomy were reviewed to evaluate the epidemiology, treatment and long-term prognosis. Fifteen (68%) of 22 dogs were miniature dachshund. The median age at diagnosis and the interval from ovariohysterectomy to the diagnosis was 3.5 (1.1-9.3) years old and 2 (0.3-4.3) years, respectively. Commonly clinical signs were depression, anorexia, weight loss and fever (13/22). An increasing of plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration was noted in 14 (82%) of 17 examined dogs. Intraabdominal granulomas were completely excised in 20 of 22 dogs. Suture materials were grossly and/or histopathologically confirmed in 16 of 20 cases. A favorable outcome was achieved in 8 (42%) of 19 dogs except of one dog dying perioperatively of renal failure. However, a recurrence or another disease such as granulomatous gastroenteritis, panniculitis, or sterile granuloma, was represented in each of 11 dogs. Ten of these dogs were miniature dachshund. The results of this study suggest that the risk of occurrence of intraabdominal granuloma after ovariohysterectomy was higher in miniature dachshund and the dogs with the granuloma have the risk of occurrence of another granulomatous inflammatory disease after completely surgical excision of the granuloma.<br>

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