- Report of the Committee of Japan Diabetes Society on the Classification and Diagnostic Criteria of Diabetes Mellitus.
In 1995, the Japan Diabetes Society (JDS) appointed the Committee for the Classification and Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus. The following report of the Committee was prepared, taking account of the previous reports from JDS (1970 and 1982), opinions of the council members of the JDS, recent reports of the Expert Committee of American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the WHO Consultation, and new data presented at the JDS Symposium on the Classmcation and Diagnosis Of Diabetes Mellitus held in June, 1998.<BR>Concept of diabetes mellitus: Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and other speciflc metabolic abnormalities, with heterogenous etiologies in which both genetic and environmental factors are involved. After a long duration of metabolic derangement, specific complications of diabetes (retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy) may occur. Arteriosclerosis is also accelerated in the presence of diabetes. Depending on the severity of metabolic abnormality, diabetes may be asymptomatic, may present with characteristic symptoms such as thirst, polyuria, polydipsia, weight loss, or it may progress to ketoacidosis and coma.
糖尿病 42 (5), 385-404, 1999