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Ground-based assessment of JAXA mouse habitat cage unit by mouse phenotypic studies

  • Shimbo Miki
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan Doctoral Program in Biomedical Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Kudo Takashi
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan Laboratory Animal Resource Center, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Hamada Michito
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan Laboratory Animal Resource Center, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Jeon Hyojung
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan Doctoral Program in Biomedical Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Imamura Yuki
    Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan Master’s Program in Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Asano Keigo
    Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan Master’s Program in Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Okada Risa
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Tsunakawa Yuki
    Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan Ph.D. Program in Human Biology, School of Integrative and Global Majors, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Mizuno Seiya
    Laboratory Animal Resource Center, University of Tsukuba, Japan Department of Laboratory Animal Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Yagami Ken-ichi
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Laboratory Animal Resource Center, University of Tsukuba, Japan Department of Laboratory Animal Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Ishikawa Chihiro
    Department of Neurobiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan Doctoral Program in Kansei, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Li Haiyan
    Department of Neurobiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan Doctoral Program in Kansei, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Shiga Takashi
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Department of Neurobiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Ishida Junji
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan Life Science Center, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (TARA), University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan
  • Hamada Juri
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan Life Science Center, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (TARA), University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan
  • Murata Kazuya
    Life Science Center, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (TARA), University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan
  • Ishimaru Tomohiro
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Hashimoto Misuzu
    Ph.D. Program in Human Biology, School of Integrative and Global Majors, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Fukamizu Akiyoshi
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan Life Science Center, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (TARA), University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan
  • Yamane Mutsumi
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Japan
  • Ikawa Masahito
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Japan
  • Morita Hironobu
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Department of Physiology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194, Japan
  • Shinohara Masahiro
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Department of Systems BioMedicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8510, Japan
  • Asahara Hiroshi
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Department of Systems BioMedicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8510, Japan
  • Akiyama Taishin
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Division of Cellular and Molecular Biology, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan
  • Akiyama Nobuko
    Division of Cellular and Molecular Biology, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan
  • Sasanuma Hiroki
    Laboratory of Developmental Genetics, Center for Experimental Medicine and Systems Biology, The Institute of Medical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Minato-Ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan
  • Yoshida Nobuaki
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Laboratory of Developmental Genetics, Center for Experimental Medicine and Systems Biology, The Institute of Medical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Minato-Ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan
  • Zhou Rui
    Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 4-1-3106, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562, Japan Key Laboratory of Medical Electrophysiology, Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease/Institute of Cardiovascular Research, Sichuan Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan, P.R. China
  • Wang Ying-Ying
    Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 4-1-3106, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562, Japan
  • Ito Taito
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 4-1-3106, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562, Japan
  • Kokubu Yuko
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 4-1-3106, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562, Japan
  • Noguchi Taka-aki K.
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 4-1-3106, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562, Japan
  • Ishimine Hisako
    Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 4-1-3106, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562, Japan
  • Kurisaki Akira
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 4-1-3106, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562, Japan
  • Shiba Dai
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan JEM Utilization Center, Human Spaceflight Technology Directorate, JAXA, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8505, Japan
  • Mizuno Hiroyasu
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan JEM Utilization Center, Human Spaceflight Technology Directorate, JAXA, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8505, Japan
  • Shirakawa Masaki
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan JEM Utilization Center, Human Spaceflight Technology Directorate, JAXA, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8505, Japan
  • Ito Naoki
    Department of Molecular Therapy, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, Tokyo, 187-8502, Japan
  • Takeda Shin
    Department of Molecular Therapy, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, Tokyo, 187-8502, Japan
  • Takahashi Satoru
    Mouse Epigenetics Project, ISS/Kibo experiment, JAXA, Japan Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan Laboratory Animal Resource Center, University of Tsukuba, Japan

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Abstract

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency developed the mouse Habitat Cage Unit (HCU) for installation in the Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF) onboard the Japanese Experimental Module (“Kibo”) on the International Space Station. The CBEF provides “space-based controls” by generating artificial gravity in the HCU through a centrifuge, enabling a comparison of the biological consequences of microgravity and artificial gravity of 1 g on mice housed in space. Therefore, prior to the space experiment, a ground-based study to validate the habitability of the HCU is necessary to conduct space experiments using the HCU in the CBEF. Here, we investigated the ground-based effect of a 32-day housing period in the HCU breadboard model on male mice in comparison with the control cage mice. Morphology of skeletal muscle, the thymus, heart, and kidney, and the sperm function showed no critical abnormalities between the control mice and HCU mice. Slight but significant changes caused by the HCU itself were observed, including decreased body weight, increased weights of the thymus and gastrocnemius, reduced thickness of cortical bone of the femur, and several gene expressions from 11 tissues. Results suggest that the HCU provides acceptable conditions for mouse phenotypic analysis using CBEF in space, as long as its characteristic features are considered. Thus, the HCU is a feasible device for future space experiments.

Journal

  • Experimental Animals

    Experimental Animals 65 (2), 175-187, 2016

    Japanese Association for Laboratory Animal Science

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