From Adapting to Political Constraints to Influencing Government Policy: A Study of the Strategies of Chinese NGOs in NGO-State Interaction

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Since the late 1990s, China has witnessed a rapid growth of NGOs, which are actively seeking interactions with the state in various arenas and on different levels. This paper examines NGO-state interactions, focusing on how NGOs struggle to reconfigure their relationship with the state in a way more beneficial to their development. The paper first discusses the emergence and growth of Chinese NGOs. This is followed by examination of Chinese NGOs’ strategies directed toward three aspects: struggling for organizational legitimacy, using government networks to achieve organizational goals, and attempting to enter the decision-making process. The paper finds that Chinese NGOs have developed a wide range of strategies in their interactions with government, from adapting to state control to actively influencing government policy, and NGO-state interactions mainly depend on ‘un-institutional’ channels to operate.<br>

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