Voting Attitude in Contemporary Japan :

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Other Title
  • 現代日本における投票態度の規定因
  • 現代日本における投票態度の規定因--TobitモデルのHeckman推定法による分析
  • ゲンダイ ニホン ニ オケル トウヒョウ タイド ノ キテイイン Tobit モデル ノ Heckman スイテイホウ ニ ヨル ブンセキ
  • ―TobitモデルのHeckman推定法による分析―
  • Analysis Using the Heckman Two-step Estimation Method of the Tobit Model

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Abstract

     Voter turnout has decreased in advanced democratic societies. It might be considered a crisis of democracy, but the crisis depends on social conditions. This article investigated a causal model regarding the attitude of voters and found that there were three influential factors, (1) socio-economic background, (2) democratic consciousness, and (3) the socio-political macro situation. To evaluate the sample selection bias, this causal model was analyzed using the Heckman estimation method of the Tobit model. The following results were obtained. (1) Academic background and cultural capital encourage anti-authoritarianism and pluralism, but these two social consciousnesses do not have direct effects on voting attitude. (2) High economic growth experienced in a younger period promotes non-egocentric social participation that has positive effects on voting attitude. (3) Economic growth in a younger period enhances utilitarianism, but the utilitarianism does not have a direct effect on voting attitude. (4) Social stratification has a direct positive influence on voting attitude. In Japan, while neither anti-authoritarianism nor pluralism is related to the voting attitude directly, stable growth leads a passive voting attitude through egocentrism or ill-attended social participation.

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