A Study of the Classification of Resilience Factors: Development of the Bidimensional Resilience Scale (BRS)

  • Hirano Mari
    Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo

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Other Title
  • レジリエンスの資質的要因・獲得的要因の分類の試み
  • レジリエンス ノ シシツテキ ヨウイン カクトクテキ ヨウイン ノ ブンルイ ノ ココロミ 2ジゲン レジリエンス ヨウイン シャクド BRS ノ サクセイ
  • ――二次元レジリエンス要因尺度(BRS)の作成

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Resilience is a characteristic of everyone, but some aspects of resilience are easy to imbibe, whereas others are not. This study developed a Bidimensional Resilience Scale (BRS) using Cloninger's Temperament/Character model (TCI) as the criteria to consider separately the innate factors and acquired factors of resilience. A questionnaire was administered to 246 college students, and seven factors were extracted through factor analysis according to their relevance based on the TCI. Innate resilience factors included optimism, control, sociability, and vitality; acquired resilience factors included attempting to solve a problem, self-understanding, and understanding others. The resulting BRS questionnaire was administered to 759 people. The bidimensional structure and the validity of the BRS were examined through higher-order factor analysis and comparison of relevancy with existing measures. Finally, criterion-related validity was examined for the resulting terms of the relevancy of innate/acquired resilience factors and the temperament/character factors from the TCI.

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