Development of a Compact Divertor Plasma Simulator for Plasma-Wall Interaction Studies on Neutron-Irradiated Materials

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  • Development of a compact vertor plasma simulator for plasma-wall interaction studies on neutron-irradiated materials

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Abstract

<p>We have developed a compact divertor plasma simulator (CDPS) that can produce steady-state deuterium and/or helium plasmas with densities above ∼ 1018 m−3 for Plasma-Wall Interaction (PWI) studies of neutronirradiated materials. The maximum particle flux is about 1022 m−2s−1. The CDPS was installed and is being operated in the radiation-controlled area of the International Research Center for Nuclear Materials Science, Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University. We are able to control sample temperature within uncertainty of 5C during plasma exposure by adjusting the cooling air flow rate to the sample holder. The CDPS has a sample-carrier system, which makes it possible to transfer a plasma-irradiated sample from the sample holder to an infrared heater for analysis using thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) without exposing it to the air. This avoids the oxidation of the sample and minimizes the time between the end of plasma exposure and TDS analysis. An ITER-like tungsten (W) sample (A.L.M.T. Corp.), which has been irradiated by neutrons to 0.06 dpa in a fission reactor, was exposed to a deuterium plasma in the CDPS. The experimental results clearly show that the total deuterium retention in the neutron-irradiated W sample increases significantly in comparison with a pristine W, as demonstrated by broadening of the TDS spectrum at high temperatures.</p>

Journal

  • Plasma and Fusion Research

    Plasma and Fusion Research 12 (0), 1405040-1405040, 2017

    The Japan Society of Plasma Science and Nuclear Fusion Research

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