<b>Evaluation of QOL and Acquisition of the Requesting Behavior of A Child with </b><b>Autism Spectrum Disorders and Intellectual Disabilities </b>

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  • <b>知的障害を伴う自閉スペクトラム症児に対する選択肢のある要求行動の形成とQOL</b><b>の評価 </b>
  • 知的障害を伴う自閉スペクトラム症児に対する選択肢のある要求行動の形成とQOLの評価
  • チテキ ショウガイ オ トモナウ ジヘイスペクトラムショウジ ニ タイスル センタクシ ノ アル ヨウキュウ コウドウ ノ ケイセイ ト QOL ノ ヒョウカ

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Abstract

<p>Evaluating the alternation of quality of life (QOL) with individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) has been considered difficult. This study examined the effectiveness of training in improving requesting behaviors of a young child with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and ID using a board of menu that consisted of the child’s favorite pictures. The child participant showed difficulties with making requests spontaneously during free time at home. The purpose of this study was to evaluate (1) the effectiveness of the training in improving the child’s requesting behaviors (behavioral QOL) and (2) the social validity of the training with the child’s mother and his sister (subjective QOL). Data on the rate of the child’s spontaneous requesting behavior, the accuracy of his selection among the pictures on the board, and the number of activity selected by the child were collected both in a clinical and home setting. Before and after the training, to evaluate the social validity of the training, we distributed a survey that included questionnaires regarding attitudes of the child’s mother and his sister towards the training. As a result, the child’s spontaneous requesting behaviors increased as well as the accuracy of his selection among the pictures on the board. In addition, the child’s mother and his sister showed positive attitudes towards the training. Limitation and implications for practice and future research are discussed.</p>

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