Elections and Government Changes in Slavic Eurasia

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  • スラブ・ユーラシア地域における選挙と政権交代
  • スラブ ユーラシア チイキ ニ オケル センキョ ト セイケン コウタイ

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Abstract

In the Slavic Eurasian region, since the collapse of the socialist regime, Central-Eastern Europe (CEE) and the CIS region have taken divergent paths. While the democratic regime has been consolidated in CEE, the so-called “electoral authoritarianism” has been established in the CIS region. As a result, government changes occur frequently in CEE but rarely in the CIS region. In the 2000s, however, the so-called “electoral revolutions” took place in some countries in the CIS region, such as Georgia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan, where the government was forced to resign due to the large-scale demonstrations that erupted when the government attempted to forge the election results in order to stay in power. This article attempts to analyze the causes of these “electoral revolutions,” to examine whether these events indeed led to the democratization as had been expected by the Western governments and scholars, and to discuss the role and significance of elections and government changes in the Slavic Eurasian region.

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