On the Dichotomy between Quantitative and Qualitative Method in Japanese Family Sociology

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  • 家族社会学における量的/質的方法の二分法的理解とその成立
  • カゾク シャカイガク ニ オケル リョウテキ シツテキ ホウホウ ノ ニブンホウテキ リカイ ト ソノ セイリツ

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the formulation of social research method in Post-World War II Japanese family sociology from the epoch of its establishment. With regard to social research method in sociology in general, it is quite popular to distinguish between quantitative and qualitative method, mutually compensating each other, placing more importance on the former than on the latter. The same dichotomized distinction has spread widely in the field of family sociology up to now, too. In this paper, we try to demonstrate that such a dichotomized distinction between quantitative and qualitative method in Japanese family sociology has been brought into existence around 1960s when the Japanese family sociology has been formed as a normal science. The examination is done from both sides : family sociology of its own and sociology or social research method in general. And finally, we will roughly trace the path by which this dichotomized distinction has influenced on the development of family sociology since then.

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