The evacuation planning of group home for tsunamis

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  • 津波発生時のグループホームの避難確保計画のあり方
  • ツナミ ハッセイジ ノ グループホーム ノ ヒナン カクホ ケイカク ノ アリカタ

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The social welfare facilities suffered serious damage by the Great East Japan Earthquake. This research analyzed the possibility to evacuate the upper floors of its own facility in the elderly group home in the tsunami occurred. There is a risk of tsunami inundation in all group homes of 43 facilities on the coast of Tokushima Prefecture. Those facilities of about 80% are a two-story or one story, and those of about half are located in an area of 2.0-3.0m tsunami normal water level criteria. A result of the comparative analysis the floor height of the facility and the tsunami normal water level, it is possible to evacuate the upper floors in facilities of about 60%, but it is necessary to evacuate the facility outside in facilities of about 40%. Use of the card-type manual that summarizes the action content of the minimum is effective for rapid evacuation. In the group home in Tokushima, evacuation drills were carried out by using it and the residents were able to get more effective evacuation behavior.


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