An experimental investigation of the action-sentence compatibility effect with concrete and abstract sentences

  • TAIRA Tomohiro
    Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University
  • NAKAMOTO Keiko
    Faculty of Education, Bunkyo University
  • KIDOGUCHI Hideki
    Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, JSPS Research Fellow
  • KIMURA Yota
    Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, JSPS Research Fellow
  • TSUNEMI Kohei
    Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, JSPS Research Fellow
  • KUSUMI Takashi
    Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University

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Other Title
  • 具体文および抽象文を用いた行為・文一致効果の実験的検証
  • グタイブン オヨビ チュウショウブン オ モチイタ コウイ ブン イッチ コウカ ノ ジッケンテキ ケンショウ

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This study investigates the effects of action-sentence comprehension on the spatial judgment task. In the experiment, participants were asked to comprehend the meanings of action sentences involving upward, downward, or horizontal images and they were asked to identify a figure appearing either above or below a fixation cross presented at the center of the screen. Two types of the action sentences were examined: concrete action sentences (e.g., the athlete lifted the barbell) and abstract action sentences (the student respected his teacher). The results for concrete action sentences indicated an action-sentence compatibility effect. That is, concrete action sentence facilitated participant identification of the visually-presented figures when their location matched the direction connoted by the sentence (e.g., when a sentence connoted an upward direction and the figure appeared above the fixation point). However, no effect was observed for the abstract action sentences. These results are discussed in terms of the embodied understanding of linguistic expressions.

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