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Effects of comparison and the levels of processing on recall memory

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Other Title
  • 比較と処理の水準が再生に及ぼす影響
  • ヒカク ト ショリ ノ スイジュン ガ サイセイ ニ オヨボス エイキョウ

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Abstract

The self-choice effect states that self-selected items are more likely to be remembered than items selected by an experimenter. It has been suggested that the act of comparing among items in the self-choice condition is necessary for the self-choice effect to emerge (Itoh, Ayabe-Kanamura, & Kikuchi, 2012), but it is also possible that semantic characteristics accessed within the comparison process could facilitate memory (i.e., a levels-of-processing effect). During the incidental-study phase of our experiment, participants made comparisons of two words based on either semantic-level or non-semantic-level characteristics or made judgments about a single word at either a semantic-level or non-semantic-level. Recall performance showed a levels-of-processing effect for both conditions. More importantly, the performance results indicated a facilitating effect of making a comparison regardless of the level-of-processing. These results suggest that making comparisons between items during selection, rather than level-of-processing alone, contributes to the self-choice effect on memory.

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Details

  • CRID
    1390001205338125824
  • NII Article ID
    130003373969
  • NII Book ID
    AA11971335
  • DOI
    10.5265/jcogpsy.10.175
  • ISSN
    21850321
    13487264
  • NDL BIB ID
    024419611
  • Text Lang
    ja
  • Data Source
    • JaLC
    • NDL
    • Crossref
    • CiNii Articles

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