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The study of groups of JIKISHINKAGE-RYU KENJYUTSU SCHOOL: Analysis of training, inter-disciplinary match, and the view on Kenjyutsu in the NAGANUMA group, the FUJIKAWA group and the ODANI group

  • KARUKOME Yoshitaka
    Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Doctoral Program in Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences, University of TSUKUBA
  • SAKAI Toshinobu
    Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of TSUKUBA

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Other Title
  • 直心影流の分派についての一考察:長沼派・藤川派・男谷派の試合・修練形態ならびに剣術観の分析を通して


The purpose of this study is to research on the features of training and inter-disciplinary match characteristics in the three groups: the Naganuma, the Fujikawa and the Odani group. These three groups belonged to Jikishinkage-ryu kenjyutsu school and engendered different training styles. We analyzed the inter-disciplinary matches and the lineage of their kata. We also examined their view on kenjyutsu which, we considered, caused their characteristic features.<br> The conclusions of this study are as below.<br> 1.The Naganuma group adopted mainly jyodan posture to do uchikomi in the matches. Eight kinds of kata were practiced in the Naganuma group.<br> 2.We consider that there were two reasons of their frequent adoption of jyodan posture in the matches: one was they frequently used shikake-waza and the other was they considered that the jyodan posture was convenient to deal with opponent’s actions. These characteristics developed the idea of attaching great importance to jyodan in the Naganuma group. They did not neglect kata practice even in the late Edo period when inter-disciplinary matches flourished.<br> 3.As in the Naganuma group, jyodan was also adopted frequently in the Fujikawa group in their inter-disciplinary matches. Since the days of Saito Akinobu, five kinds of kata were practiced.<br> 4.Fujikawa Seisai established the disciplinary system of Fujikawa group in the late Edo period. He criticized that the shinai-uchikomi-geiko stuck too much to winning and emphasized mental training. He insisted that the kata practice was effective in mental training.<br> 5.In the Odani group, jyodan posture was not adopted. It is recorded that Odani Seiichiro adopted only seigan and gedan postures in the matches in Tempo era. As to kata practice only Hojyo is handed down in the Odani group and To-no-kata was trained in shinai-uchikomi-geiko.<br> 6.Odani criticized the division of kenjyutsu into school names and insisted the importance of inter-disciplinary matches to develop one’s strong points and make up for the weak points. The trend as from Tempo period of Tsuki- techniques with a long Shinai was one of the reasons that Odani changed the traditional jyodan posture of Jikishinkage-ryu to seigan posture.



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