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DEVELOPMENT OF CONCEPTS WITH RELATION IN USAGE OF TERMS IN SOCIAL STUDIES

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  • 社会科における用語の使用概念の発達

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Abstract

In the process of problem-solving in social studies, pupils need to use explicit concepts and exact informations of the contents. Therefore, the development of the basic concepts by the appropriate usage of terms is one of the most important key point in the method of teaching in social studies. The author selected the concept of economical function in this study.<BR>In this study 1, 256 pupils from the 4th grade of elementary schools up to the 3rd grade of junior high schools were asked to answer the short questions concerning the usage of money.<BR>The analysis of the data reveals that there are some developmental raise in their understanding of the function, but it is not sufficient and continuous. The attitude which shows the moral tendency to be opposed to wasting money are evident throughout the whole grades, but many pupils show that they did not reach to clear understanding. about the function which produce interests and about the processes of lean from bank. Most of the pupil did not express any concern about the changing value of money in actual daily judgement.<BR>The analysis of the text-books also reveals that they paid insufficient attention about the explicit usage of terms which would help pupils to develop the concepts. As the final conciusion, the author suggest the need for the wider research on the usage of basic terms in the field of social studies.

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