The identification of quantitative trait loci that control the paternal inheritance of a mitochondrial plasmid in rapeseed (<i>Brassica napus </i>L.)

  • Oshima Masao
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • Handa Hirokazu
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba Plant Genome Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences

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  • The identification of quantitative trait loci that control the paternal inheritance of a mitochondrial plasmid in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.)

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Abstract

Some varieties of Brassica napus (rapeseed) and B. rapa contain a liner mitochondrial plasmid that is unique in that it can be inherited from the male parent through the pollen. We found that two rapeseed cultivars, Norin 16 and Westar, showed different rates of plasmid inheritance from the paternal parent (78.8% and 27.5%, respectively). To identify nuclear genes controlling the inheritance of the plasmid, we carried out quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses using F2 populations derived from a cross between these two cultivars. The F1 plants transmitted the plasmid from the paternal plant at a frequency of approximately 60%; the transmission rates of the F2 lines varied greatly, from 0 to 100%, with an average of 68.2%. A genetic map was constructed based on the segregation of 175 loci in the 102 F2 plants. A total of 22 linkage groups were obtained, all of which could be assigned to the 19 rapeseed chromosomes. The total map length was 1374.7 cM, with an average distance of 7.9 cM between the markers. We found that three quantitative trait loci for plasmid paternal transfer, qPpt1, qPpt2 and qPpt3, located on chromosomes A5, C2 and C9, respectively, were significantly linked to the transmission frequency, whose the logarithm of odds (LOD) score were 4.97, 3.49 and 3.57, respectively. Their explained phenotypic variances were 25.0%, 22.2% and 37.1%, respectively. These results suggest that the paternal inheritance of the mitochondrial plasmid is controlled by a relatively small number of nuclear genes.<br>

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