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  • 就労女性における尿失禁の実態調査

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The prevalence of incontinence was investigated by means of a questionnaire survey of 968 women who worked for a company in Nagoya. Age of respondents varied from 17 to 69, with teenagers and those in their 20's constituting 71.5% of the total.<br>The survey showed that 8.5% of the total had incontinence and that the prevalence of incontinence increased with age up to 23.9% of women in their 40's. This correlation was also observed in nulliparous women. A positive correlation was found between the number of childbirths and the prevalence of incontinence (nullipara 4.3%, monopara 15.2%, dipara 24.0%, multipara 37.5%).<br>In all age groups but teenagers, the mean body weight of the incontinent women was greater than that of those who had never had incontinence. For the 30, 50 and 60 year age groups, this difference was statistically significant at the 0.05 level.<br>In decreasing order of incidence, the provocative factors for urinary loss were sneezing, coughing, urgency, rope jumping, laughing, excitement, running and lifting heavy things. As to the severity of incontinence, 73% did not worry about it, 22% changed briefs when they were wet, and 4% used pads occasionally. No one had ever sought medical consultation for their incontinence.<br>As the number of women who have jobs or social activities outside the home increases, information regarding the prevalence and natural history of incontinence and its treatment will become of prime importance.


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