How Does Stress Affect Ill-health Outcomes?:

  • TSUDA Akira
    Department of Human Science, Kurume University
  • MAKITA Kiyoshi
    Graduate School of Comparative Studies of International Cultures and Societies, Kurume University
  • TSUDA Shigeko
    Kurume University School of Nursing

Bibliographic Information

Other Title
  • ストレスはどのように健康を左右するのか :
  • ストレスはどのように健康を左右するのか : その心理社会生物学的メカニズム
  • ストレス ワ ドノ ヨウ ニ ケンコウ オ サユウ スル ノ カ : ソノ シンリ シャカイ セイブツガクテキ メカニズム
  • Its Psycho-socio-biological Mechanisms
  • その心理社会生物学的メカニズム

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Abstract

Stress is a major problem in present day life. It has been argued over recent years that stress plays a role in the development of illness. Nevertheless, the mechanisms through which stress responses may affect physical and psychosomatic illness are poorly understood. This paper discussed how important stress is, in comparison with other factors that are known to affect illness. How does stress lead to ill-health outcomes? What are the processes linking the experience of stress with physical changes in the body and pathological responses? The present article is to examine the role of biopsychosocial factors in the development of physical and psychosomatic illness according to the stress-coping vulnerability models. The main conclusion to be drawn is that the involvement of two major processes of psychophysiological and cognitive-behavioral pathways mediating ill-health outcomes. Future research must establish these connections more precisely.

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