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A CLASSIFICATION OF SCENES OF APARTMENT BLOCKS IN HOUSING ESTATES BY THEIR VISUAL EFFECTS : Studies on the planning of exterior spaces, 3

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  • 住宅地における建築群の空間構成の類型化とその視覚的効果 : 建築群の空間構成計画に関する研究・その 3
  • 住宅地における建築群の空間構成の類型化とその視覚的効果--建築群の空間構成計画に関する研究-3-
  • ジュウタクチ ニ オケル ケンチクグン ノ クウカン コウセイ ノ ルイケイカ

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Abstract

AIMS The present study is part of a series of "Studies on the Planning of Exterior Spaces". The purpose of those studies is to furnish fundamental data on exterior space design by analysing the correlations between visual effects and physical elements in order to estimate visual effect values. This study reports here the results of the following objectives using the visual effect values : (1) abstraction of physical elements; (2) classification of scenes of apartment blocks. METHOD Certain public residential areas were considered for this purpose as positioning of buildings play an important part. Then 24 small scale models from those settings were produced, and 423 viewing points within those spaces were evaluated by eight semantic bipolar scales. To observe from the standing height of the models, a fiber scope was adopted. The evaluated values were analysed by Factor Analysis and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis. RESULTS (1) 11 physical elements such as existence of a facing building, distance between a viewing point and buildings, relative occupation of buildings in the visual field, were abstracted. (2) Scenes of apartment blocks were classified into 7 groups and their correlations with the resulting visual effects were analysed.

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