A Comparative Policy Analysis of Fuel Economy Regulations between Japan and Europe

  • IGUCHI Masahiko
    Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science & Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology

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  • 自動車燃費規制をめぐる日本と欧州の政策比較研究
  • ジドウシャ ネンピ キセイ オ メグル ニホン ト オウシュウ ノ セイサク ヒカク ケンキュウ

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Abstract

This article compares and analyses Japanese and European policies on fuel economy regulation, which of those are the highest fuel economy standards in the world, and have been formulated based on co-regulation. In Japan, fuel economy regulation has developed through a cooperative process involving government, industry and academia participate, and requiring regular revisions over a number of years. In contrast, European regulations on carbon dioxide emissions from vehicles, which have involved various actors with different interests, have attempted a variety of different approaches, including industry self-regulation, voluntary agreements between the European Commission and the industry, and the application of EU law.

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