[Updated on Apr. 18] Integration of CiNii Articles into CiNii Research

Relapse of anxiety:Views from basic research and theories of Pavlovian conditioning

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  • 不安症状の再発―パヴロフ型条件づけの基礎研究と理論から―
  • フアン ショウジョウ ノ サイハツ : パヴロフガタ ジョウケンズケ ノ キソ ケンキュウ ト リロン カラ

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Abstract

<p>This article reviews recent literature on basic animal research and theories of reemergence phenomena of formerly established and then extinguished Pavlovian conditioned responses. Four types of response reemergence phenomena are discussed; renewal of responses by changing contexts, spontaneous recovery of responses after the passage of time, reinstatement of responses after re-exposure to the biologically significant stimulus (i.e., unconditioned stimulus, US), and reacquisition of responses by re-pairing of the cue (i.e., conditioned stimulus, CS) and the US. Preventive measures against these reemergence phenomena and their clinical implications for relapse of anxiety symptoms (i.e., return of fear) are also discussed to bridge basic and applied disciplines of psychology.</p>

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