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Exercises in the Yokohama Dialect and Yokohama Dialect


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  • Exercises in the Yokohama Dialectと横浜ダイアレクト
  • Exercises in the Yokohama Dialect ト ヨコハマ ダイアレクト

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This paper first examines the publication date of Exercises in the Yokohama Dialect, the only sizeable source material for the Yokohama Dialect, a Japanese pidgin that formed in the early 1860s soon after the opening of the port of Yokohama, establishing that the first edition appeared in 1873. By examining contemporary Japanese sources, it is further documented that by no later than 1861, business talk between foreigners and Japanese was being conducted in this pidjin-Japanese by both parties, and that Exercises in the Yokohama Dialect is a reliable source for this pidjin. The remainder of the paper examines Yokohama kotoba, a term used in later works written in Japanese, and the contemporary Ikokugen, which has been cited as a source material for Yokohama kotoba, and claims that these can not be regarded as proof that an English-based form of pidgin was used in Yokohama around the time of the opening of the port.


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