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A Study on Evaluation of Affective and Value-Oriented Objectives in Integrated Unit BIRTH OF HUMANITY (1)


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  • 総合学習「人間らしさの誕生」の学習における情意的・価値的次元の評価法の開発(1)


Unit developed: As a part of the curriculum HUMAN BEING, integrated unit THE BIRTH OF HUMANITY was developed. It was consisted of NHK-TV program HUMAN FAMILY , Birth of the Baby, other programs for adults, OHP-materials, photographs, and books for children of 4-7 grades. The objects of this unit were to make students (1)feel the divinity and dignity of the birth of human life, and appreciate the precious value of human growth, (2)feel the strength of relationship between mother and child by learning MOTHER CHILD INTERACTION PHENOMENA and appreciate this relationship as an indispensable condition for the birth of humanity, (3)be grateful and sympathetic to one's own mother, family, and friends. Objects of the study: To develop several methods of evaluation of affective and value-oriented objectives in learning. Method and results: Two classes of 4 th graders and a class of 7 th graders learned this unit under the instructions of their homeroom teachers who were the members of writers. Each class spent 4 or 5 school hours for the unit. These classes finished the unit during two months, Feb. and Mar. in 1986. To measure the changes of children in affective and value-oriented dimension, several methods were adopted or invented. (1)To the concepts HUMAN and FAMILY, semantic differential method and word association method were adopted. It appeared that the methods were very sensitive in measuring this dimension, especially in the learning of such a complex value-oriented materials as human being. Classifications and analysis of the association responses were developed. (2)The methods of analysing the pupil's essays, reports, works in the learning of this unit were developed under the reference of Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives-affective domain. (3)Each pupil's mother was asked to observe her child's behaviors at home and write down them if it differed from the usual ones. The methods of analysing the report by mother were developed. The succeeding article will describe the methods of analysing the verbal interaction in the classroom along the dimension mentioned above.



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