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A Study of Teaching skills on Use of Blackboard

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  • 教師の板書技能に関する調査研究
  • キョウシ ノ バンショ ギノウ ニ カンスル チョウサ ケンキュウ

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Recently, it has become to equip with all kinds of audio-visual materials in every school. However, many teachers show less interest in the study of using of audio-visual aids in the classroom than before. It is because it has been not examined the relationship between to traditional instruction and audio-visual instruction. Attention has been not paid to the use of blackboard as audio-visual materials up to the present. The purpose of the article is to clarify the role of using blackboard for teaching from the standpoint of the expansion of audio-visual education. That is, we intend to examine the problems, peculiar to use the blackboard which is highly essential for the teaching each subject. We administrated the questionnaire to 516 teachers at 21 elementary schools in Ehim prefecture from October to November, 1983. According to the data (436 teachers) collected, we can point out four characteristics for teaching skills on use of blackboard as follows : (1) Even in the present day when the many teachers can make use of audio-visual aids. A textbook, a piece of chalk and a blackboard remains as the commonly used teaching aids in the classroom. In addition, teachers make use of audio-visual aids like Over Head Projecter and small blackboard. The use of blackboard has evaluated for the stand point of it's effectiveness for teaching and conveniences of it's utilization. (2) Though it has been evaluated, many teachers have mastered their skills insufficiently. The teachers skills of the use of blackboard have related to the subject matters and the teacher's ability to promote child's learning. (3) Not all teachers regard the planning of blackboard in their preparation sheet for instruction as important. Teachers expect the blackboard to be include references to cognitive effectiveness and to affective outcomes. (4) We intend to explore the relationship between teacher's blackboard and child's notebook to clarify the aim of using of blackboard.


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