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A Study of Adaptive Drill and Practice Program : Retirement Criterion in the Japanese Learning System for Onomatopoeic Words

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  • 適応型日本語ドリル・プラクティス・プログラムに関する研究 : 擬態語学習用CAIシステムにおける復習スケジュールの終了基準
  • テキオウガタ ニホンゴ ドリル プラクティス プログラム ニ カンスル ケンキ

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Abstract

In developing a CAI system with a drill and practice program, it is essential to construct a program which will maxmize learning effectiveness. Seigell et als. (1980, 1985) discussed studies about adaptive drill and practice programs, and focused on the corrective feedback paradigm (CFP) which is employed in and conducted on the PLATO CAI system for several years. CFP is a model of the CAI program logic with four characteristics : adaptive feedback techniques, increasing ratio review, discrimination training and retirement criterion. These attributes of the program are based on the psychological principles of learning theories. In this paper, the development and the trial experiment of the CAI system for learning Japanese onomatopoeic words applying CFP as a program structure is described. The subjects of the experiment were about fouty Japanese language students, and the task was to learn seven Japanese onomatopoeic words. As one factor of the good program structure with CFP, retirement criterion was compared between three times and five times. Results demonstrated that there was no significant difference on the post-test performance between the two groups, but as to the retirement criterion the group with five times took more time to complete the learning. Moreover, an analysis of the learning records showed that each function in the program facilitating learning had adapted effectively to the learners' various learning styles. Results of the questionnaire showed that the learners evaluated this system positively.

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