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Analysis of Factors for the Deffusion of Educational Computing


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  • コンピュータ教育普及要因の分析
  • コンピュータ キョウイク フキュウ ヨウイン ノ ブンセキ

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This study examines the charateristics of the rate of diffusion of computers for education in comparison with that for other educational equipments and the factors responsible for the diffusion of computers. Computers are being widespread quite drastically compared with other educational equipments. Among different levels of schools the increase in the diffusion rate is most keen for elementary schools, to which computers were introduced last, and thus the difference in the rates for prefectures is biggest for this category. The basic difference in the spread of computers and other kinds of equipments is that the former is influenced by ideological factors such as positive stance to educational innovation while practical factors such as purchasing power of communities are mostly responsible for the latter. It can be said that the reason why practical factors do not affect the spread of computers so much is that computers have just started to be introduced to elementary and lower secondary scools, and because the attitude toward educational innovation is reflected in the practical aspect in terms of policies of the administration. Under these circumstances what is effective in the promotion of the diffusion of educational computing is administrative support or, to be concrete, schemes to promote educational computing by the prefecture and national levels. However, problems such as development of software and training of teachers are involved in the introduction of computers. The improvement of hardware and decrease in the price are taking place at a high speed. What is likely to happen is that by the time teachers get used to computers the machines are outdated and software and peripherals compatible with them are not available any more. Educational Computing is costly. In order to make it effective it is inevitable to fully discuss the plans for software development and the training system for teachers before actually adapting computers.



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