A Developmental Study of CAI Programme for KANJI Handwriting with Sepecial Emphasis on the Perceptual Motor Learning for Japanese as a Foreign Language

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  • 日本語教育のための知覚運動過程を重視した漢字書字学習用CAIの開発
  • 日本語教育のための知覚運動過程を重視した漢字学習用CAIの開発
  • ニホンゴ キョウイク ノ タメ ノ チカク ウンドウ カテイ オ ジュウシシタ

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It is considered that Furner's approach can be applied to the computer assisted instruction of KANJI writing for beginners of the Japanese language as a foreign language. It is believed that computer plays an important role in learning KANJI writing, because computers supply the learners the necessary information, provide prompt feedback, while at the same time, allowing them to proceed at their own pace. Therefore, a CAI programme for KANJI writing applied from Furner's instructional strategy in handwriting would be able to assist non-KANJI students of Japanese. For this purpose, two CAI programmes were developed. One, the experimental programme, emphasized perceptual-motor learning which provided much information on writing KANJI through various directions, while giving three times writing practice per character. The other, the contrast programme, emphasized motor process by copying characters repeatedly, while presenting minimal information on character formation, but giving ten times practice per character. Twenty-four subjects, divided into two groups, participated in the experiment. They studied the KANJI for two consecutive days using both the experimental programme on one day and the contrast programme on the other. The two programmes were evaluated by the results of tests of character formation and questionnaires. The results showed there was no significant difference between the two programmes: Regardless of the programme the subjects used to learn KANJI writing, performances on the post-and retention tests were almost the same. Evaluations by the subjects on learning KANJI writing using the two different types of programmes were almost the same as well. Although there was no significant statistical difference between the two approaches in learning KANJI writing, 14 subjects out of 24, preferred the experimental programme to the contrast programme. It seems that CAI programme for learning KANJI writing based on perceptual-motor learning tends to accept among learners.


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