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An Analysis of Students' Facial Expressions and Attitudes in the Teaching Processes : Describing Students' Subject-matter Understanding Level and their Attitudes to Classroom Teaching through the Kinetogram Method

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  • 授業過程における生徒の表情・姿勢分析 : 「カイネトグラム」法による学習態度と理解状態の読解について
  • ジュギョウ カテイ ニ オケル セイト ノ ヒョウジョウ シセイ ブンセキ カ

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Abstract

The purpose of the present investigation is to describe a quantitative method of analyzing structure in student's facial expressions and attitudes in the classroom teaching through the kinetogram method, and to examine whether there's the difference in kinesics literacy between teachers who had a diverse teaching experience. The kinetogram method which has been originally developed to adapt to the analysis of dialog is here used for providing to a quantitative assay of the occurence of linking facial expressions and attitudes between successive nonverbal behaviors in a discourse sequence. The research focuses on students' subject-matter understanding level and their attitudes to classroom teaching, rather than learning, along several dimensions: interests, efforts, fatigue, understanding, etc. The systems for analyzing students' facial expressions and attitudes have been newly developed for the study and descriptions of these are given. It is possible to input the data and plot them on a kinetogram table through controlled the video tape recorder by a micro computer. The kinetogram plotted was confirmed to be useful and convenient for estimating students' subject-matter understanding level and their attitudes to classroom teaching. The difference in nonverbal-behavior LITERACY between teachers who had a diverse teaching experience are weakly related to their teaching experience, but not to students' subject-matter performance according to kinetogram method. These results are important because this is apparently the study to present the quantitative method of analyzing structure in student's facial expressions and attitudes in the classroom teaching through the kinetogram instrumemnt.

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