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Experimental Analysis of Non-Boltzmann Rotational Energy Distribution in Supersonic Free Molecular Flows

  • MORI Hideo
    Department of Micro-and Nano-Systems Engineering, Nagoya University
  • NIIMI Tomohide
    Department of Micro-and Nano-Systems Engineering, Nagoya University
  • AKIYAMA Isao
    Department of Micro-and Nano-Systems Engineering, Nagoya University
  • TSUZUKI Takumi
    Department of Micro-and Nano-Systems Engineering, Nagoya University

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Other Title
  • 超音速自由分子流における非ボルツマン回転エネルギー分布の実験的解析
  • チョウオンソク ジユウ ブンシリュウ ニ オケル ヒボルツマン カイテン エネルギー ブンプ ノ ジッケンテキ カイセキ

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Abstract

In the present study, we measure the rotational population in supersonic nitrogen free jets using a REMPI (resonantly enhanced multi-photon ionization) method, which is not influenced by secondary electrons, unlike an electron beam method. Nitrogen ions are detected as a REMPI signal and its spectra depending on the wavelength of an irradiated laser beam are analyzed to measure rotational temperature through the Boltzmann plot. Nitrogen gas expands into a vacuum chamber from a sonic nozzle with a D=0.50mm diameter, setting P0D (P0 : source pressure), depending irlversely on the nozzle Knudsen number, at 15 Torr·mm or lower. For PoD=15 Torr·mm, the rotational temperature distribution along the centerline of the jet, measured by Boltzmann plot, coincides with Marrone's data measured by electron beam fluorescence, and the rotational relaxation rate ZR calculated by the relaxation, equation results is 1.3. However, the non-Boltzmann rotational distribution appears evidently in the supersonic free molecular nitrogen flows for P0D≤15 Torr·mm and as a decrease in the P0D, the deviation from the Boltzmann distribution and the partial freezing of the population arise more upstream.

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