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Relationship between the Body Mass Index, Eating Habits and Bone Mass in Students

  • Sogabe Natsuko
    Division of Nutrition, Department of Food and Nutrition, Japan Women's University
  • Maruyama Rieko
    Division of Nutrition, Department of Food and Nutrition, Japan Women's University
  • Sato Kazuto
    Division of Clinical Nutrition, Department of Food and Nutrition, Japan Women's University
  • Goseki-Sone Masae
    Division of Nutrition, Department of Food and Nutrition, Japan Women's University

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Other Title
  • 大学生におけるボディ・マス・インデックスと食生活および骨量との関連性について
  • ダイガクセイ ニ オケル ボディ マス インデックス ト ショク セイカツ オヨビ コツリョウ ト ノ カンレンセイ ニ ツイテ

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Abstract

The relationship was investigated between the body mass index (BMI), eating habits and bone mass in male and female students. A questionnaire survey of the eating habits and eating behavior was conducted on 277 male and 317 female students. We measured the bone mass with a quantitative ultrasound device, the height, body weight, and body fat. We divided the subjects into three groups based on the BMI value: BMI<18.5 group, 18.5≤BMI<25 group, and BMI≥25 group. The percentage of female students who were actively seeking nutritional knowledge and information and who habitually assessed their own eating behavior was significantly higher in the BMI<18.5 group than in the 18.5≤BMI<25 group. However, there was no significant difference in these factors among the BMI groups for male students. The osteo sono assessment index (OSI) was significantly lower in the BMI<18.5 group than in the 18.5≤BMI<25 group of females (p<0.001). The results of this study provide useful data for the relationship between BMI, eating habits and bone mass in male and female students. The data reveal that appropriate nutritional education on bone metabolism in the BMI<18.5 group of female students was especially important for preventing osteoporosis.

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