The Beginning of Art Education in a Developing Country

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Other Title
  • 開発途上国における草創期の美術教育
  • 開発途上国における草創期の美術教育 : モルディブ共和国の1984年ナショナルカリキュラムをもとに
  • カイハツ トジョウコク ニ オケル ソウソウキ ノ ビジュツ キョウイク : モルディブ キョウワコク ノ 1984ネン ナショナルカリキュラム オ モト ニ
  • A Historical Consideration of the Maldives’ National Curriculum (1984)
  • モルディブ共和国の1984年ナショナルカリキュラムをもとに

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Using historical documents, this paper discusses and clarifies the commencement of art education in the Republic of Maldives, which was a developing country at the time this education was introduced. In 1984, the first unified National Curriculum was introduced in the Maldives, bringing art into school education. The curriculum’s stipulations concerning art indicate that art education during the early period regarded child-centred drawing activities and specific techniques for representation as important, which shows an influence from the art-education practices of foreign countries. On the other hand, the curriculum concurrently reveals that art education was also assigned the role of transmitting traditional culture, including the study of traditional arts and crafts such as building materials and household goods made from coconut palms.


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