Development of a Decision-Making Model of Job Change in Nurses Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior

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  • Tanaka Satomi
    Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, School of Nursing
  • Fuse Junko
    Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, School of Nursing

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  • 計画的行動理論に基づく看護師の転職意思決定モデルの構築

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Purpose: This study aimed to create a decision-making model of job change based on the framework of the theory of planned behavior, by extracting the variables that regulate its process: cognitive attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control. <br>Method: The study participants were 1,783 nurses, and a self-administered questionnaire was used. The survey items consisted of 4 factors and 28 items for cognitive attitudes, 4 items for subjective norms, and 11 items for perceived behavioral control. <br>Result: The findings of the analysis verified the validity of this model (GFI = .96, AGFI = .93, CFI = .92, RMSEA = .06). The variables that regulated the decision-making process for job change in nurses were as follows. For cognitive attitudes: “my nursing competence will improve,” “I will feel more fulfillment from my work than I currently do”, “I will acquire the means for self-realization”, and “the goal(s) I should achieve as a nurse will become clearer than they are now”; for subjective norms: “family”; and for perceived behavioral control: “age”, “to change jobs as soon as the idea occurs to my mind”, and “connections”. <br>Conclusion: The above indicated that the decision-making model was created based on the framework of the theory of planned behavior, by extracting the variables that regulate its process: cognitive attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control.

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