Transformation of the Choletais Apparel Industrial District in France: Role of Institutions and Conventions

  • Junya TATEMI
    Graduate School for Creative Cities, Osaka City University

Bibliographic Information

Other Title
  • フランスのショレ・アパレル縫製産地の変容——制度・慣行の役割——
  • フランスのショレ・アパレル縫製産地の変容 : 制度・慣行の役割
  • フランス ノ ショレ ・ アパレル ホウセイ サンチ ノ ヘンヨウ : セイド ・ カンコウ ノ ヤクワリ

Search this article

Abstract

<p>This study examines the mechanisms by which SMEs operate in the Choletais garment district within the framework of institutionalist theory. In spite of global competition, this district has reemerged by becoming a subcontractor for the luxury industry since the 1990s. Recent debates have emphasized the role of institutional aspects that are shared territorially, such as institutions, conventions, and routines, to understand the dynamism of industrial agglomeration. Although our approach takes this perspective, we focus on the concept of convention from the perspective of the “economics of convention” and institutional complementarity.</p><p>This study discusses the conventions and institutions that have contributed to the development of “competencies” of local SMEs, which have enabled them to adapt to environmental change in the era of globalization. To establish the competitiveness of the district, such an institutional element must function as follows. First, the “possible worlds,” a term used by Salais and Storper, of luxury firms in Paris and of their subcontractors in Choletais have moved closer to each other during the past two decades. In particular, it is important that they share the same “convention of quality” derived from a compromise between the “interpersonal world” and the “market world.” Driven by a policy change in which the luxury industry faced a “democratization of fashion” at the global level, SMEs in Choletais successfully created new demand for luxury firms. Second, sharing of a possible world or successful coordination based on a long-term relationship between a productive firm and its client is facilitated by geographic proximity. Third, conventions historically established in the district or at the regional level, as well as certain economic conditions, have enabled the development of competencies of local firms. Some of these competencies are: a high level of production technology and skill, an interfirm network, and common challenges based on the collaborative relationships of local actors.</p><p>Finally, institutional complementarities must be emphasized to understand the experience of the Choletais industrial district. Each convention and institution mentioned above has contributed to regional development as a whole. Institutional elements mutually reinforce and form a local production and innovation system in Choletais. Therefore, the experiences of the Choletais industrial district reveal the importance of the concepts of convention and institutional complementarity.</p>

Journal

References(9)*help

See more

Related Projects

See more

Details 詳細情報について

Report a problem

Back to top