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The process of a health-promotion program for improvement of the social participation of the community-dwelling elderly based on action research

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  • アクションリサーチによる地域高齢者の社会参加促進型ヘルスプロモーション・プログラムのプロセス
  • アクションリサーチ ニ ヨル チイキ コウレイシャ ノ シャカイ サンカ ソクシンガタ ヘルスプロモーション ・ プログラム ノ プロセス

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Abstract

<p>  The purpose of this study is to clarify changes in awareness and behavior of elderly dwellers in solving their regional issues through discussion. In this study, a Health-Promotion Program, arranged to improve social participation of the elderly in the community, was conducted based on Action Research. In the program, the elderly were suggested to reexamine their role in the community. Participatory workshops and other programs were held for the community residents in a suburban district of Sapporo, resulting in voluntary creation of various activities, including such activities as gymnastic-exercise meeting in the morning and volunteer activity of park cleaning, etc. Qualitative description analysis was made of the various data: field notes, transcribed interviews of the core members. The changes in the residents followed eight stages with the passage of time, such as ”obligatory participation and ambivalence (the first stage)”, “consensus on the direction for resolving the issues and the selection of the core members (the fourth stage)”, “organizing the core members and their cooperation with the residents’ association (the eighth stage)”. Consequently, the phased changes showed the behavioral aspects of the elderly who tried to solve voluntarily their regional issues.</p>

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