α-Tocopherol Intake Decreases Phylloquinone Concentration in Bone but Does Not Affect Bone Metabolism in Rats

  • IKEDA Saiko
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences
  • NOMURA Saki
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences
  • HANZAWA Fumiaki
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences
  • TAKAHASHI Saki
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences
  • ODA Hiroaki
    Department of Applied Molecular Biosciences, Nagoya University
  • FUJIWARA Yoko
    Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Ochanomizu University
  • UCHIDA Tomono
    Department of Home Economics, Aichi Gakusen University

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Abstract

Previous studies have shown that α-tocopherol intake lowers phylloquinone (PK) concentration in some extrahepatic tissues in rats. The study’s aim was to clarify the effect of α-tocopherol intake on vitamin K concentration in bone, as well as the physiological action of vitamin K. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups. Over a 3-mo period, the K-free group was fed a vitamin K-free diet with 50 mg RRR-α-tocopherol/kg, the E-free group was fed a diet containing 0.75 mg PK/kg without vitamin E, the control group was fed a diet containing 0.75 mg PK/kg with 50 mg RRR-α-tocopherol/kg, and the E-excess group was fed a diet containing 0.75 mg PK/kg with 500 mg RRR-α-tocopherol/kg. PK concentration in the liver was higher in E-excess rats than in E-free rats, was lower in the tibias of control rats than in those of E-free rats, and was lower in E-excess rats than in control rats. Menaquinone-4 (MK-4) concentration in the liver was higher in E-excess rats than in E-free and control rats. However, MK-4 concentrations in the tibias of E-free, control, and E-excess rats were almost the same. Blood coagulation activity was lower in K-free rats than in the other rats but was not affected by the level of α-tocopherol intake. Additionally, dietary intake of PK and α-tocopherol did not affect uncarboxylated-osteocalcin concentration in the serum, femur density, or expression of the genes related to bone resorption and formation in the femur. These results suggest that α-tocopherol intake decreases PK concentration in bone but does not affect bone metabolism in rats.

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